Bali Spiritual Explaination
Stone archaeological discoveries dated to around 2000 BC speak about the first Austronesian inhabitants finding new home on a beautiful tropical island. Originally, they migrated from south-eastern Asia and Oceania. Excavations of tools, pottery and pitchers dating this time have been found on the west side of the island, near the village of Cekik.
In the ancient Bali Hindu religion, there were nine Hindu sects: Pasupata, Bhairawa, SiwaShidanta, Waisnawa, Bodha, Brahma, Resi, Sora and Ganapatya. It was very interesting that each of these religious beliefs had in their own deity as its personal Godhead. After persuasion and tension between religion sects, three major sects were fused as Hindu Bali and also known as Hindu Dharma.
Balinese culture was strongly influenced by Indian, Chinese and particularly Hindu cultures. Beginning around the 1st century AD, the name “Bali Dwipa” (Bali Island) has been described from various inscriptions, including the Blanjong Pillar inscription written by Sri Kesari Warma Dewa in 914 AD. In this inscription is also mentioned “Wali Dwipa”. Wali means ritual and Dwipa means island. “Wali Dwipa” literally means the island of rituals and offerings.
This ancient description of the island with strong magical ritual tradition can be really found in the Balinese people’s current way of life. Almost each day, Hindu Balinese offer an offering to God. Offerings are for good and evil gods, for positive and negative energy. Both should be in harmony.
The spirituality of people is strongly influenced by deep and devoted Balinese rituals in temples. These temples are examples of some of the most esteemed architecture in the world.
There are rituals for everything imaginable – from giving birth, obtaining knowledge, establishing a company, moving into a house, to getting married – all of different types and levels. Rituals consist of calling down the gods and the ancestors from their heavenly abode above the mountain, entertaining them with dances and celebrating them with offerings during temple festivals.