Ceremonial Calendar

 

The Balinese ritual year is ruled by a complex calendar system that combines the Saka calendar with the Wuku calendar. Since the calendar is ruled by the lunar cycle, the precise Gregorian dates of the ceremonies differ from year to year. The years are numbered 70 years behind the Gregorian year; for example, the Balinese year 1930 was the year 2000 to the Western world.

The Saka calendar, which is also the official Indian calendar, was imported from India during the Majapahit Empire. It is divided into lunar months and fit into the solar calendar by the addition of an extra month every thirtieth month. The full moon and the dark moon are the most important ritual moments of this calendar. The first day of the Saka year, however, usually in March, is the Day of Silence and of profound importance throughout Bali.

The Wuku – or pawukon – calendar is the original calendar used by the Bali Aga people, Bali’s aboriginals. The wuku year consists of a cycle of 210 days divided into thirty wuku weeks, each of which corresponds to a specific activity. There is a week of weapons or week of animals, for example. There are also other types of weeks varying from one to ten days, each having a name and number, being auspicious or inauspicious. The most important days in this system are Galungan and Kuningan, when all the ancestors come to the earth.

 

 

Ceremonies-3

Celebrations

January

  • 11th: the full moon
  • 27th: the dark moon

 

February

  • 11th: the full moon
  • 25th: the dark moon

 

March

  • 12th: the full moon
  • 27th: the dark moon
  • 28th: Nyepi day the silent day Bali-ceremoniesor the Balinese new year. People are not allowed to go out or traveling outside from their homes: no light and no work. The only places open on this day are hospitals.
  • 24,25th: the melasti day

 

April

  •   5th: the Galungan day
  • 11th: the full moon
  • 15th: Kuningan day
  •  25th: Dark moon

 

May

  • 10th: the full moon
  • 25th: the dark moon

 

June

  •   8th: the full moon
  • 23th: the dark moon

 

July

  •   8th: the full moon
  • 23rd: the dark moon

 

August

  •   7th: the full moon
  • 19th: the Saraswati day
  • 22th: the dark moon

 

September

  •   5th: the full moon
  • 20th: the dark moon

 

October

  •   5th: full moon
  • 20th: dark moon

 

November

  •   1th: the Galungan day
  •   3th: the full moon
  • 11th: the Kuninganday
  • 18th: the dark moon

 

December

  •   3rd: the full moon
  • 18th: the dark moon